Suleimani is Iran's most important military intelligence general, known as the \"Middle East spy king \", intelligence networks and agents around the world to assist the United States against the Islamic State, but also Iran is the head of the anti-American forces.
After the Islamic State collapsed, Mr. Sulaimani planned a series of operations to oust the United States from Iraq. These include directing agents to vote in parliament, attacking U.S. coalition military bases in Iraq and mass sieges of U.S. embassies in Iraq.
After the Pentagon proposed a plan of action, because of his extremely sensitive identity, President Trump hesitated for a whole week, talking back and forth with his cabinet and staff before finally making up his mind to resist the pressure and kill the Iranian Major General.
Over the years, Sulaimani helped Iran weather Saddam's powerful invasion, helped Assad withstand the Arab Spring and ISIS attacks, and succeeded in persuading Putin to join the bureau and stabilize the Syrian regime.
In iraq, lebanon, yemen, and syria, his surrogates have seized on the vacuum of chaos and succeeded in entrenching themselves in high military positions. It can be said that Iran's status in the Islamic world today is run by Mr. Suleimani.
But Trump is not Obama. The killing of Americans has crossed the \"red line\" under Trump and Pompeo. Mr. Trump's appearance on the phone to Iraq's president's request that he regulate U.S.-Iranian relations confused Mr. Sulaimani, making him believe that Americans still focus on peace talks and regulation, but secretly have already laid the groundwork for killing.
In some domestic and international situations, Trump really wants to get out of the Middle East. He has repeatedly expressed America's desire to withdraw from the \"stupid, endless war in the Middle East.\"
While he doesn't want to stay in the near-free-money deal like his predecessor, obama, he doesn't want to muddle the middle east and escalate the u.s. situation. Otherwise, he wouldn't have kicked out David Bolton, the \"hawk\" in his cabinet's case against Iran.
Since the May 2018 sanctions escalation, friction between the United States and Iraq has been ongoing. The sanctions put Iran's economy under pressure, the middle class was destroyed and poverty swept through it. The United States has accused Iran or its agents of carrying out multiple attacks on ships in the Persian Gulf and Saudi oil fields, and of shooting down or attempting to shoot down U.S. drones. In response, the Pentagon sent thousands more troops to the area. (For more details, see Trump's hot hand again! Late at night, the war hawks fired Bolton! 》）
But on december 13th pompeo said:\" if iran hurts american troops or allies, the u. s.will'act decisively'.\" This can be said to be an attempt to draw a rest or \"red line\" for u.s. relations, whereby the u.s. wants to divert attention from a truce if iran does not hurt americans or citizens of american allies.
U.S. troops have reduced some operations in Iraq in recent months, according to U.S. media interviews with officials, given threats from Iranian militia groups in Iraq.
But on December 7,2019, the K1 base outside Iraq's wealthy oilfield region of Kirkuk province was attacked by 30 heavy rockets above 107mm. According to surviving base officials, the explosion and secondary explosion caused by the sea of fire across the base. A civilian United States contractor was killed and civilian United States and Iraqi security forces wounded.
Outside the base, the police found that the attackers had not even taken their weapons. They found an abandoned truck with remaining rockets and a Katyusha multi-barrel rocket launcher.
K1 has been a shelter against ISIS since 2014. Kurdish \"freedom fighters\" dominated the base, including Americans, Italians, French, Norwegians and other coalition forces fighting against IS. The U. S. military provides training and advice to \"freedom fighters\" at the base.
The first reaction to the bombing, comments and observers, was the return of ISIS. But then u. s.officials, including secretary of state pompeo, confirmed that they were responsible for hizbullah, a shia militia linked to iran. U.S. Defense Secretary Esper called on Iraqi Prime Minister Mahdi to help stop rocket attacks on U.S. military bases.
It can be said that Iran crossed Pompeo, or Trump ' s “red line,” with American casualties forcing the White House to react and fight back, or face nothing.
The Pentagon says it targets three air strikes in Iraq and two in Syria, including Hizbullah's arsenal and command post. Hizbullah has close ties to the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps in Iran.
The operation, described as a \"defensive strike\" in retaliation for Friday's attack on the K-1 and other attacks on U.S. military bases in Iraq, will use drones, Reuters reported.
In the end, at least 25 hizbullahs were killed, more than 50 were injured, and several arms depots and command centres were reduced to ashes. It is not clear whether any of the party's top ranks were among the dead.
In 2014, the Sunni extremist group \"ISIS \"sprang up, and Mr. Sumanlei decided to send troops after judging that the ultimate objective of IS must be Shia stronghold Iran.
In the course of the confrontation with IS, many young Iraqis joined the pro-Iranian armies of Sumanlaini and formed militias large and small in Iraq. Sumanlini's military clout and influence in Iraq have ballooned during this period.
After the basic completion of the confrontation with IS, Iran's line with the United States collapsed. By this time, Iran has represented a strong faction in Iraq militarily and politically, controlling a large bloc in parliament.
Iraq's chief Shiite cleric, Grand Ayatollah Lasistani, condemned the U.S. attack and warned that the government must \"ensure that Iraq does not become a place to resolve regional and international disputes.\" He said the US retaliatory air strikes \"violated Iraq's sovereignty, were a dangerous escalation and posed a threat to the security of Iraq and the region \". Even revenge should be done by the Iraqi government, not by the Americans.
This \"sovereign theory \"has also won the support of Iraq from parliament to the people. The party of Iraq's largest party, now Prime Minister Haider al-Sadr, has agreed to call for a simultaneous withdrawal of U.S. troops at a parliamentary vote. Since the second largest party is a pro-Iranian party, there are already enough votes for the U.S. to leave.
Once the United States is gone, Iraq is the world of pro-Iranian militias. Politically, Suman Laney has won. U. S. Secretary of State Pompeo's urgent call with the Iraqi Speaker of Parliament also failed to remedy the situation.
For the populace, the Iraqi militia is, after all, Iraqi and Iraqi forces, and the American attacks have turned against them. So they joined hizbullah's \"protest\" or \"attack\" against the american embassy in baghdad.
On December 31, after the funeral of Hizbullah party members who died in the air raid, Hizbullah and its pro-Shia militias, as well as sympathizers, marched along the streets of Kindl in Baghdad and eventually surrounded the United States Embassy.
According to Reuters, Politico, the Guardian, The Associated Press, CNBC, protesters first abused security personnel at the front doorman checkpoint at the embassy's reception office near the embassy's parking lot and shouted \"Down with the U.S.,\" U.S. to die\" and \"Israel to die.\"
Then he climbed up and threw stones and water at the walls, attacking the gates, the building windows and the doors. Dozens of demonstrators then stormed the gate of the checkpoint, setting fire to the reception area, raising people's mobilization forces, militia flags and anti-American posters and spraying anti-American graffiti.
The attacker subsequently robbed the reception area and took away all the documents that could be found. All U.S. security forces in the Embassy withdrawn from the main building, and an AP reporter at the scene saw six U.S. Marine Corps guards and diplomatic security service personnel on the roof of the embassy's main building, aiming at the intruders.
A number of pro-Iranian militia leaders were involved in the \"protest,\" including Khadi Amiri, commander of the Badr group and the Islamic Resistance, and Qaddafi, leader of the paramilitary group Qais Khazali. Iraq's interior minister also briefly appeared and called the situation \"embarrassing\" to reporters. Hezbollah spokesman Jafar Husseini is the spokesman and \"commander\" of the operation.
All this reminds Americans of Benghazi. In Tehran, the embassy was burned down, the ambassador was martyred and the Marines were killed. It is difficult for Americans to allow such a thing to happen again, and the mastermind of two things points to the same person: the Iranian second figure,\" Prince \"Suleimani. (For more details, see \"Trump decapitated Iran's\" Prince \", with his body blown to pieces: suspected culprit in Benghazi! Khamenei cried.
On 31 December, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo identified the leader of Hizbullah, Abu Mahdi Mohamedis, and the leader of the \"special organization \", Kais Khazali, the former Iraqi National Security Council and adviser, the chairman of the People's Mobilization, Farih Alfayad, and the former Iraqi Minister of Transport, Sulaimani's iron powder, and Hadi Amiri, who visited the White House in 2011, as the main targets of the embassy.
The men are thought to be mr. sulemani's representatives in iraq, and mr. muhammadis and mr. gadhafi's leaders, who helped mr. sulemani build power in parliament.
On New Year's Day 2020, the U.S. sent an emergency additional 750 troops to the Middle East. \"The Marines are here,\" Trump said. Some of our great fighters are here and they've done a fantastic job. This will never be the second Benghazi bloodshed!
\"Over the years, we know where Sulaimani is every minute of the day - at any moment of any day, five or six intelligence agencies can tell you where he is,\" said a Republican foreign policy expert, according to a Capitol Hill interview.
But when the conflict reached the point of attacking the US base, the Americans chose to strike back at the Iranian proxy militia, rather than kill Suleimani. It is clear that Americans are trying to show their muscles in the Middle East, but they cannot fall back into the Middle East again. It is a demand of the US that the conflict should not be escalated to a certain extent.
Perhaps a further fear of the benghazi incident, perhaps to organize the sulaimani forces to force the u. s. to withdraw in a parliamentary vote, mr. trump and his team finally decided to kill him.
Trump said in his remarks that \"Sulaimani was planning an imminent evil attack on U.S. diplomats and military personnel, but we caught him and ended his life.\"
U. S. Secretary of State Pompeo claimed the U. S. killed Iran's top military commander in order to interfere with an \"imminent\" attack planned by him. \"[ Sulaimani] is actively planning action in the region and, as he describes it, this major action will put dozens or even hundreds of Americans at risk for their lives,\" he said.
Officials briefed experts at conservative think tanks on Friday that the United States had \"sophisticated intelligence\" about attacks on Americans in Iraq, Syria and Lebanon, according to people familiar with the matter. Officials say they have sabotaged such a plan by killing Solemani.
But such claims are being questioned, according to the new york times, a pentagon official:\" the intelligence proving that surimani will launch an \"imminent\" attack is weak, because according to communications between the u. s.-owned iranian supreme leader, ayatollah ali khamenei and surimani, khamenei has not yet approved any of the general's offensive plans.\" According to the communications, at least a week before the attack, Khamenei had asked Suleimani to go to Tehran for further discussions.
A senior defense official presented the president with a preliminary list of options on how to respond to escalating violence against the U.S. in Iraq after a U.S. military base was hit by a rocket attack on December 27 that killed a U.S. civilian contractor. Options include cracking down on Iranian ships or missile installations, or on Iranian-backed Iraqi militia groups.
The Pentagon has attached to the list the option of \"decapitating\" Suleimani to make other options seem reasonable. At the time, Trump opted against militias. The Pentagon announced an air strike on Tuesday, killing about 24 militia fighters.
The New York Times quoted Pentagon and Trump administration officials as saying that Trump initially rejected the option of \"decapitating\" Suleimani on December 28, but he began to rage and change his mind \"when Iranian-backed militants\" attacked the US embassy in Iraq. Eventually, on january 2nd, mr. trump chose to air raid baghdad airport to kill mr. suleimani, unanticipated by pentagon officials.
Earlier this week, Trump was surrounded by top officials such as Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Mark Miley, acting White House Chief of Staff Mick Mulvaney, National Security Adviser Robert O'Brien and legislative affairs director Eric Yulan at the Haywire estate, according to Capitol Hill. Throughout the week, Trump was on the phone seeking advice from other advisers.
\"We have long been authorized to kill Sulaimani at the next opportunity,\" said an anonymous senior Pentagon official, according to Politico. But he wouldn't say when Trump authorized the Pentagon, hours, weeks, or months before the operation.
Trump was relaxing in his Florida mansion just hours before the U.S. military sent a Reaper drone to kill the world's most wanted man. In the morning, he made 18 holes at his West Palm Beach golf club, Trump International.
At about three o'clock in the afternoon he returned to Mar-a-Lago and waited. He wore a dark blue suit and pink and blue tie with an American flag pinned to his lapel.
Photographs taken at the time showed President Trump meeting with McCarthy, White House aides Jared Kushner, Hogan Gideley and Dan Sgavino at Sea Lake Manor.
On January 2, Kasim Suleimani flew from Damascus to Baghdad on his usual private plane, which could help him avoid the inspection of one of the world's most secure airports, as well as the tracking of flight trackers, British media reported. Near the early hours of the morning, his flight successfully disappeared from the commercial flight tracker.
Sulaimani's confidence is not for no reason,\" wrote international news correspondent Jane Arraf of the National Public Radio (NPR) on Twitter. said Mr. Trump called him to mediate with Iran and then ordered the drone to kill Mr. Suleimani.
The news was subsequently confirmed by a BBC interview with Iraqi President Mahdi, and Trump did call Iraq's prime minister in the hope that Iraq would mediate between the United States and Iran. In Sulaimani's perception, America's attitude is more about mediation and detente. The news that Trump's decision even shocked the Pentagon didn't expect the president to actually take the most drastic approach.
Just after 0, the plane landed. Two Toyota Land Cruisers drove to the apron and were greeted by Abu Mahdi Muhades, deputy commander of Hizbullah, an Iranian-backed militia unit operating in Iraq, and one of the commanders of the recent siege of the United States Embassy in Baghdad.
Sulaimani and Muhadis and their most senior aides were in the first car and the bodyguards in the second. The whole fleet is about 10 people. What people in the car don't know, or feel they do, is that Suleimani's operation has long been monitored by an American MQ-9 Reaper drone that sends their action to the Pentagon and the CIA.
When two SUVs turned over a runway and took a safe distance from other tourists and Iraqi officials outside the low barbed-wire fence outside the airport, the drone fired two missiles to a cross-country vehicle in central Sulaimani. A third missile then arrived and hit the car in which the bodyguard was travelling.
According to the guardian, muhadis evaporated directly. And Sulaimani's hand, covered in grey ash, was photographed hanging outside the window wearing the ruby ring he always wore. And his body, has been fried into meat. All convoy personnel were killed, including four senior Iranian military assistants, four Iraqi militia leaders and Muhadis.
A key leader of Sulaimani's proxy armed mobilization forces in Iraq told the Middle East Eye:[ The US side] this mission is carried out by drones, very precise and cannot be a hastily initiated temporary operation. The information we have gathered indicates that the drone hovered over the air, waiting for the airliner to land and Sulaimani to leave the plane and enter the vehicle.
The MQ-9 drone, nicknamed'The Reaper', is worth $64 million, or about 100 million yuan, at 370 kilometers per hour, flying at an altitude of 17,300 meters and a 36-hour life. The single machine weighs up to 3 tons and has a wingspan of 26 meters and can carry tons of effective explosives. Far from the impression of a small drone, it is almost comparable to a bomber.
The drone, which is remotely operated by two crew members hundreds of kilometers away, can deliver images to the world in real time while performing precision strikes. I don't know if Trump was sitting in the White House command room watching the whole thing this time, like he was shooting Baghdadi.
Aviation experts said the plane's flight was \"almost muted,\" meaning its target victims issued little warning about its approach. In a rare public sighting, the MQ-9 was found to have carried out a roughly 800-1000ft flight last month at Nellis Air Force Base in southern Nevada. Viewers at the air show also exclaimed:\" There's almost no sound!\"
The Reaper carries four laser-guided Hellfire missiles with a 38-pound warhead capable of destroying a tank and carrying a Gem Road bomb as a supplementary attack.
According to local newspapers in Saudi Arabia, the operation used a modified \"Hellfire\" called Hellfire R9X \"Ninja\" missile. Instead of exploding, the missile was armed with six long blades that stretched out before impact, minimizing incidental damage. The explosion at the scene was likely caused by a supplementary attack by the Gem Road bomb.
In the summer of 2014, IS captured a third of neighbouring Iraq, leaving Iran unprepared. The self-styled caliphate captured a town just 20 miles from the Iranian border, named Jalalabad, where Islam's second caliphate, Omar, defeated the Persian Empire in 637. Saddam Hussein invaded Iran from here in 1377. For the Iranians, the enemy is back.
Within a few days, the Iranian government sent its overseas paramilitary commander, Qasim? Sulemani. There, he coordinated the daily delivery of 140 tons of military equipment to Iraqi forces and Shia paramilitary groups: small arms, mortars, Ababil unmanned reconnaissance aircraft, tanks and artillery ammunition.
At that time, the United States, Russia and other forces against IS have not entered Iraq, under the oppression of IS terror, for the Iraqi people at that time, the Iranian side of the forces led by Sulaimani is the only thing can rely on, the only thing that unites the Iraqi people.
In iran and iraq, mr. sulemani calls himself a \"holy warrior \". Iraqi nationalists and shia religious believers adore him, and his television program,\" the commander of red heart \", has become a fixture of the iranian news. On the social network, there are thousands of fans of mr. sulaimani's account, who give him pictures of his children, the leader of the local anti-is militia, and a photo of him reading \"hundred years of loneliness.\"
In the late 1960s, Iran's king's land reform left the Sulaimanis in poverty, and the 13-year-old left home to work and save his family's rations. At the time, as a teenager, he supported an exiled cleric, Ayatollah Ruhollah? Rookola? Khomeini, now the founder of the iranian government.
He was then introduced to protect another cleric being pursued by the king, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, the current supreme leader of Iran.
When the revolution broke out in 1979, he was sent to the north to suppress the Kurdish rebel movement, where he met a captain of the guard. This man's name is Mahmoud? Ahmadinejad. In 2005, Ahmadinejad became Iran's president.
In 1986, mr. sulaimani and his commander, mr. rezay, were at odds over the \"dawn 8\" operation in the iranian war. Sulaimani opposed the operation, but the commander insisted. Sulaimani was ruthlessly proven right. 30,000 Iranians were killed in a Pyrrhic victory that relentlessly prompted Khomeini to decide a cease-fire in 1988.
In the decade after the war, differences between Suleimani and Rizai hindered his promotion. But in the late 1990s, Iran's Revolutionary Guard formed the Al-Quds Brigade Qods, which was dedicated to Iranian military operations abroad. Its role is primarily to export the Islamic revolution to the world and to counterbalance the United States; the first and only Al-Quds Commander in 21 years is Sulaimani, personally promoted by Khamenei.
The Al-Quds Brigade, although known as the Brigade, is composed of 10,000 people and is the most powerful force in the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps of Iran and is directly subject to instructions from the Supreme Leader of Iran, Khamenei.
In different regions, the mission of the Al-Quds Brigade is different. In Iraq, the enemy was Saddam Hussein, then the United States; in Syria, various groups opposed to President Bashar al-Assad; in Lebanon, opponents of Iran's ally, Hezbollah, mainly Israelis; and in Yemen, acting forces of Saudi Arabia and the West.
In the U.S. invasion of Iraq and Afghanistan, he succeeded in seizing the vacuum of power and helping Iran expand in the Middle East. A living martyr in Khamenei's mouth, he was the most popular among Iranians in the political military with 70% of the vote.
Many observers believe that he is the de facto No. 2 of Iran and is likely to be the next highest leader of Iran. That is, Iran's ``Prince'' .
After the United States occupation of Iraq, the situation was sudden. There is a 1,500km border between the two countries, and Iran can be the next target at any time. During Bush's first term, the Hawkish neoconservatist was saying that``the boy went to Baghdad, but the real man went to Tehran. ``Subsequently, the threat is lifted as the United States itself is in trouble.
Subsequently, Sulaimani supported the Shiite Islamic Revolutionary Supreme Council(SCIRI)in Shiite, to help them kill the Baja members of Saddam and to control the Iraqi Nationalism Shiite priest Muktada Sadr. By 2003, SCIRI became the most sophisticated and funded political group of Iraqi organizations.
During the same period, Suleimani also completed his Lebanese construction. He helped hezbollah, a shia militant group, build forces to stop israel from invading. The Al-Quds Brigade provides $100 million (about 100 million yuan) a year to Hizbullah and helps them train their troops.
In 2006, Israel invaded southern Lebanon and bombed the country for 34 days, but Hezbollah's fierce resistance stalled the war. The stalemate is seen by the Arabs as a victory for Shiite groups, and Iran has never been so high in the Arab world since the 1979 revolution. Furthermore, Sulaimani gained sincere friendship from Hizbollah's international spy leader, Muniya, and ensured his intelligence stability in the Middle East.
During the arab spring movement in 2011, mr. sulemani pushed president ahmadinejad against the assad family at home. He personally flew to Syria, established the National Defence Forces and suppressed the insurgency.
In 2014, even if Sulaimani strongly supported government forces, ISIS occupied Balmira, the most important oilfield. In July 2015, Mr. Suleimani traveled to Moscow to meet with Russian Defense Minister and President Vladimir Putin. Putin. Ten days later, the Russian record began a wide-ranging bombing campaign. Three months after the bombing, the government forces paid a heavy price to retake Balmyra.
After Trump took office, he pulled out of the Iran nuclear deal. Sulaimani, as always, was at the forefront of iran's national interests, leading the bombing of oil tankers, bombing oil fields on the eve of the saudi aramco listing, shooting down american drones and attacking american barracks until the last minute of his life.
After Sulaimani's death, Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei reported for him a large funeral in which he sobbed. Thousands of mourners gathered in Baghdad for a funeral for Mr. Suleimani, according to the Associated Press. Iraq's prime minister joined the mourning.
Iran's Supreme National Security Council said it had made a decision on how to respond, but it did not disclose the details of the decision. A brief statement after a special meeting on Friday said the council investigated the airstrike and \"declared the United States of America responsible for all the consequences of this criminal operation.\"
Sulaimani's comrade-in-arms, Sadr Ali Hussein, said it was a terrorist attack by the United States and the Zionists (Israel) and that Iran would surely retaliate.
Ismael Carney, the new commander of Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps \"Al-Quds Brigade \", warned of the death of his predecessor, Suleimani, to the United States.\" We warn everyone, be patient, and you will see the bodies of Americans all over the Middle East.
At the funeral for Sulaimani, the funeral host said live that \"we have 80 million people in Iran, and if we put out a dollar each, we'll have $80 million, then we can use that money to reward anyone who can send us [Trump's] head.\"
Iranian President Hassan Rouhani spoke by phone with Iraqi President Saleh on Friday, in which he told the latter that Iran and Iraq should work together against aggressive U.S. intervention.
The U. S. side is also unwilling to show weakness, the aircraft carrier Truman arrived in the early hours of January 6 in the Gulf of Oman. The United States Department of State tweeted a \"security warning\" urging all United States citizens to leave Iraq immediately. Washington, d.c., the capital of the united states announced on the 4th into a state of alert.
Department of Defense officials say the U.S. military has added about 3,000 troops to the Middle East from North Carolina's 82nd Airborne Division, AP reported. More than 700 soldiers from the 82nd Airborne Division were deployed to Kuwait earlier this week. At present, about 5200 U.S. troops are stationed in Iraq. In addition, in Italy, the United States has a mobile force.
On the afternoon of January 4, Trump tweeted,\" Iran has been an issue for years. Let us use this as a warning that if Iran attacks any American or American asset, we will lock up 52 Iranian locations (a figure representing 52 American hostages taken by Iran years ago).
When asked about Iran's pledge to retaliate against General Sulemani's death, Trump said,\" If this happens, it happens. If they did anything, they would face massive reprisals. \".